Greece is home to some of the most iconic landmarks in the world. From ancient archaeological sites to stunning natural wonders, Greece has plenty for travelers to explore. You can find something new to explore even at your 100th visit. With its rich cultural heritage and stunning outdoors, Greece is a destination for a lifetime.
Here are some of the top famous landmarks in Greece. Some of them may suit a 10-day Greece road trip itinerary. Others are best to visit during a short Athens city break or during a 3-day trip to Thessaloniki. Many of them can be great choices for a couple Greece holiday.
Check out this list and use it to plan the itinerary of your next trip to Greece like a professional travel agent.
Contents of 100 Famous Landmarks in Greece
- Famous Landmarks in Athens & Mainland Greece
- 1. The Acropolis and Parthenon, Athens
- 2. Kerameikos Cemetery
- 3. The National Archaeological Museum, Athens
- 4. Ancient Agora of Athens
- 5. Temple of Hephaestus, Athens
- 6. Hadrian’s Arch, Athens
- 7. Lycabettus Hill, Athens
- 8. Panathenaic Stadium, Athens
- 9. Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Athens
- 10. Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens
- 11. Syntagma Square, Athens
- 12. Plaka Neighborhood, Athens
- 13. Monastiraki Flea Market, Athens
- 14. The Cycladic Art Museum, Athens
- 15. Benaki Museum, Athens
- 16. Acropolis Museum, Athens
- 17. National Garden, Athens
- 18. Tower of the Winds, Athens
- 19. Ancient Corinth
- 20. The Temple of Poseidon, Cape Sounion
- 21. Monastery of Daphni, Athens
- 22. Eleusis
- 23. Meteora Monasteries
- 24. Archaeological Site of Delphi
- 25. Thessaloniki Waterfront
- 26. White Tower of Thessaloniki
- 27. Archaeological Site of Philippi
- 28. Vergina Royal Tombs
- 29. Dion Archaeological Site
- 30. Mount Olympus
- 31. Pella Archaeological Site
- 32. Veria Old Town
- 33. Archaeological Site of Amphipolis
- 34. Archaeological Site of Dodoni
- 35. Ioannina Island Castle
- 36. Metsovo Stone Houses
- 37. Ancient Theater of Epidaurus
- 38. Mycenae and the Lion Gate
- 39. Olympia
- 40. Temple of Apollo Epicurius, Bassae
- 41. Mystras
- 42. Alistrati Cave
- 43. The Castle of Chlemoutsi
- 44. Castle of Platamon
- 45. Monemvasia Castle
- 46. The Bridge at Arta
- 47. Mount Parnitha National Park
- 48. Lake Kerkini
- 49. The Hills of Mani
- 50. Neda Waterfalls
- Famous Landmarks on Greek Islands
- 51. Dragon Houses, Evia
- 52. Acropolis of Lindos, Rhodes
- 53. Palace of the Grand Master, Rhodes
- 54. Street of the Knights, Rhodes
- 55. The Medieval City of Rhodes
- 56. The Asklepion, Kos
- 57. Pythagoreion Archaeological Site, Samos
- 58. Temple of Apollo, Naxos
- 59. Little Venice, Mykonos
- 60. Armenia Village, Corfu
- 61. Monastery of St. John, Patmos
- 62. Panagia Ekatontapiliani, Paros
- 63. Archaeological Site of Kamiros, Rhodes
- 64. Monastery of Nea Moni, Chios
- 65. The Old Port of Corfu
- 66. Cave of Zeus (Dikteon Cave), Crete
- 67. Fira, Santorini
- 68. Red Beach, Santorini
- 69. Fira to Oia Walking Path, Santorini
- 70. Balos Beach, Crete
- 71. Palace of Knossos, Crete
- 72. Kournas Lake, Crete
- 73. Seitan Limania, Crete
- 74. Lato, Crete
- 75. Samaria Gorge, Crete
- 76. Palace of Phaistos, Crete
- 77. Ancient Aptera, Crete
- 78. Arkadi Monastery, Crete
- 79. Rethymno Fortezza, Crete
- 80. Koules Fortress, Heraklion, Crete
- 69. Melissani Cave, Kefalonia
- 81. Mycenaean Tholos Tombs, Lefkada
- 82. Temple of Aphaea, Aegina
- 83. Moni Island
- 84. Symi Island
- 85. The Island Sanctuary of Delos
- 86. The Windmills of Mykonos
- 87. Zakynthos Shipwreck Beach
- 88. Milos Catacombs
- 89. Kastelorizo Blue Grotto
- 90. Spinalonga Island, Crete
- 91. Chrissi Island
- 92. Kataphygi Cave, Antiparos
- 93. Selinia Town & the Ancient Port of Salamis, Salamina Island
- 94. Canal D’Amour, Sidari, Corfu
- 95. Corfu Old Fort
- 96. Ancient Thera, Santorini
- 97. Akrotiri, Santorini
- 98. The Old Venetian Harbor & the Lighthouse of Chania
- 99. Katholiko Monastery, Akrotiri Peninsula, Crete
- 100. Venizelos Graves, Chania, Crete
Famous Landmarks in Athens & Mainland Greece
1. The Acropolis and Parthenon, Athens
This ancient citadel towering over Athens contains some of Greece’s most renowned structures including the iconic Parthenon temple. Dedicated to the goddess Athena, the imposing Parthenon was built between 447-438 BC with decorative friezes and Doric columns.
2. Kerameikos Cemetery
Located just outside the ancient walls of Athens, this archaeological site contains lavish tombs and sculptures dating back to the 5th century BC. Wander past imposing monuments in one of the most significant cemeteries of ancient Athens.
3. The National Archaeological Museum, Athens
With the largest collection of Greek antiquities in the world, this museum provides a comprehensive overview of ancient Greek art and culture. Marvel at exquisite sculptures like the bronze Poseidon of Artemision retrieved from shipwrecks.
4. Ancient Agora of Athens
Once the thriving hub of ancient Athenian public life, the Agora contains ruins of iconic structures including temples, fountains, stoas and statues. Don’t miss the remarkably intact Temple of Hephaestus overlooking the site.
5. Temple of Hephaestus, Athens
Dedicated to the god of metalworking, this 5th century BC temple sits on a hill overlooking Athens. With 34 original columns surrounding its sanctuary, it is one of the best preserved ancient Greek temples.
6. Hadrian’s Arch, Athens
Built in 132 AD, this grand monumental gateway marked the boundary between ancient Athens and the new Roman city. The intricate decoration referenced Emperor Hadrian’s dedication to the city.
7. Lycabettus Hill, Athens
Providing panoramic views over sprawling Athens, the peak of Lycabettus Hill is accessible by funicular. At the top you’ll findthe 19th century Chapel of St. George offering 360 degree vistas, as well as a restaurant where you can enjoy a dinner with a view.
8. Panathenaic Stadium, Athens
Site of the 1896 Summer Olympics, this ancient stadium hosted competitions like sprinting and wrestling dating back to 330 BC. Made entirely of white marble, it could seat 50,000 spectators.
9. Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Athens
Impressively preserved on the southwest slope of the Acropolis, this ancient theater continues hosting concerts and performances. Built in 161 AD by wealthy Roman Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife.
10. Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens
Construction on this enormous temple to Zeus began in the 6th century BC but wasn’t completed until Hadrian’s rule in the 2nd century AD. With 104 imposing columns, it was the largest temple in Greece.
Today there are only a few columns still standing erect. Nevertheless, they can help you understand the scale of this giant building.
11. Syntagma Square, Athens
As the heart of modern Athens, this central square is flanked by luxurious hotels, the Greek Parliament building, and lush gardens. The frequent changing of the guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is a popular spectacle.
12. Plaka Neighborhood, Athens
With cobblestone streets and neoclassical architecture under the Acropolis, the charming historic district of Plaka offers cafes, restaurants, shops and a lively atmosphere. Don’t miss the traditional Greek tavernas.
13. Monastiraki Flea Market, Athens
Browse this bustling open-air bazaar in central Athens for an eclectic mix of antiques, jewelry, souvenirs, clothes and more. Wander through the colorful market stalls in the shadow of Hadrian’s Library.
14. The Cycladic Art Museum, Athens
This museum is dedicated to the art and culture of the ancient Cycladic civilization that flourished in the Aegean. See their iconic minimalist marble figurines and vessels dating back to 3200 BC.
15. Benaki Museum, Athens
Extending over three floors, this magnificent museum provides insights into the history and cultural development of Greece from ancient times to the 20th century. The vast collections include over 20,000 Islamic artifacts and 250,000 rare books.
16. Acropolis Museum, Athens
Opened in 2009, this modern museum sits at the base of the Acropolis. Exhibits include archaeological treasures found at the site like striking Caryatids from the Erechtheion temple. Don’t miss the Parthenon Gallery.
17. National Garden, Athens
Created in 1920, this oasis in the city center has over 500 different plant species. Stroll through scenic walking trails past small zoos, duck ponds, and archaeological remnants.
18. Tower of the Winds, Athens
Located in the old Roman Agora, this octagonal Pentelic marble structure from 50 BC was an intricate weather station and water clock. Reliefs on each side represent the 8 wind deities.
19. Ancient Corinth
This prominent ancient city-state featured important buildings like Apollo’s Temple with Doric columns, the large Agora marketplace, Peirene Fountain, and Bema where St. Paul preached. Excavations have uncovered baths, shops and impressive mosaics.
20. The Temple of Poseidon, Cape Sounion
Dramatically situated on a clifftop overlooking the sea, 15 towering columns remain standing of this iconic temple built around 440 BC. Cape Sounion was a sacred spot where Aegean sailors would make offerings to Poseidon.
21. Monastery of Daphni, Athens
Just 10 km from Athens, this 11th century Byzantine monastery encapsulates the ‘Athenian Byzantine’ architectural style. The UNESCO site features a domed katholikon church and gilt mosaics inside showcasing Christ and the Virgin Mary.
Located by the Saronic Gulf, the archaeological site of Eleusis allows you to explore the ruins of the Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone. This is where the secretive Eleusinian Mysteries cult worshiped for nearly 2,000 years.
23. Meteora Monasteries
At Meteora, you’ll find remarkable Byzantine monasteries dramatically perched on towering sandstone pillars rising over 1,000 feet into the air. These sacred sites were built in the 14th century by hermit monks seeking isolation. Hiking between them offers breathtaking views.
24. Archaeological Site of Delphi
Considered the center of the ancient Greek world, Delphi was home to the legendary Oracle who would deliver prophecies within the Temple of Apollo. Walk the Sacred Way to see the temple’s ruins and visit the impressive museum.
25. Thessaloniki Waterfront
Stretching over 5 km along the Thermaic Gulf, Thessaloniki’s scenic coastal promenade leads from the iconic White Tower to the concert hall at its eastern end. Perfect for leisurely strolls with views across the sea.
26. White Tower of Thessaloniki
Standing guard by the waterfront, this monumental cylindrical tower is the most recognizable symbol of Thessaloniki. Constructed in the 15th century as part of the city’s fortifications, it now houses a museum.
27. Archaeological Site of Philippi
Established by Philip II of Macedon in 356 BC, Philippi prospered as a Roman trade city due to its strategic location along the Via Egnatia.
Explore the forum, basilica, temples, theater and Christian basilicas. The archaeological site of Philippi is close to Kavala.
28. Vergina Royal Tombs
This archaeological site contains elaborate tombs housing King Philip II along with other royal members of Macedonian dynasty. Discovered in 1977, the underground tombs contain incredible frescoes and a stunning gold chest for Philip’s cremated bones.
29. Dion Archaeological Site
At the foot of Mount Olympus, ancient Dion was considered a sacred city for the Macedonians. Must-see attractions include sanctuaries dedicated to Demeter, Isis and Zeus, as well as Roman baths and a Hellenistic theater.
If you want to find out more about this, read my in-depth Dion travel guide.
30. Mount Olympus
The highest and most iconic mountain in Greece at 9,573 feet, Mount Olympus is steeped in Greek mythology as the dwelling place of the Twelve Olympians. Hiking trails wind through lush forests leading up to the snow-capped summit.
I’ve hiked the trails on this mountain twice. Here’s my guide to hiking Mount Olympus. You don’t need to get to the top to enjoy this adventure. All trails are amazing!
31. Pella Archaeological Site
As the birthplace of Alexander the Great and capital of ancient Macedonia, Pella provides insights into the rise of Macedonian power. Highlights include the palaces, temple of Artemis, huge agora marketplace and intact mosaic floors.
32. Veria Old Town
In northern Greece, Veria’s old Jewish quarter features a well-preserved Ottoman feel with cobblestone streets lined by traditional mansions. Must-see sights include the Barbouta Tower and restored synagogues like the Old Metropolitan Aloni Tzami.
33. Archaeological Site of Amphipolis
This major archaeological site has remnants of the formidable ancient city walls, as well as a mysterious huge tomb dating back to the 4th century BC. But most famous is the towering Lion of Amphipolis sculpture guarding the Strymon River.
34. Archaeological Site of Dodoni
Considered the oldest Hellenic oracle, the cult site of Dodoni once stood second only to Delphi in importance. Pilgrims came here to have priests interpret the sounds from wind chimes hung in the sacred oak groves.
35. Ioannina Island Castle
Standing proudly over Lake Pamvotis on a small islet, this imposing fortress was built from the 6th through 18th centuries. Enter via a narrow bridge to explore Byzantine and Ottoman additions like the Fetiye Camii mosque with its 16th century frescoes.
I usually spend one night in Ioannina whenever I travel from Bucharest to Corfu and I always wish I booked more than one night in this beautiful town.
36. Metsovo Stone Houses
Known as the “Aeolian Village,” Metsovo is recognized for its grey stone traditional architecture that blends harmoniously into the Pindus mountain setting. Many mansions have been converted into guesthouses, restaurants and shops.
37. Ancient Theater of Epidaurus
Designed in the 4th century BC with phenomenal acoustics in mind, this ancient Greek theater seated up to 14,000 people to enjoy drama, comedy and music performances. It still hosts live shows with its incredible sound.
38. Mycenae and the Lion Gate
Travel back 3,500 years to the legendary city of Mycenae, kingdom of mythical Agamemnon. Pass through the iconic Lion Gate, Europe’s oldest monumental sculpture, into a sprawling complex.
This fortified city flourished in the late Bronze Age and stands linked to Homer’s epics. Ancient Mycenae was one of the major centers of Greek civilization and its legendary history haunts every corner.
Birthplace of the ancient Olympic Games starting in 776 BC, Olympia’s vast sanctuary has ancient athletic training facilities, stadiums, temples like Temple of Zeus, and the museum exhibiting sculptures like Hermes of Praxiteles.
40. Temple of Apollo Epicurius, Bassae
Perfectly blending Doric and Ionic architectural styles, this well-preserved temple was dedicated to Apollo Epicurius by Phigaleia. Surrounded by mountains, its remote location adds to its mystic aura.
This remarkably intact Byzantine hillside town in the Peloponnese has ruins interspersed with verdant vegetation. Wander past the palaces of despots, churches like Hagia Sophia, Pantanassa Monastery and the well-preserved Cathedral of Agios Dimitrios.
42. Alistrati Cave
Alistrati Cave is not only a geological wonder but also an important environmental sanctuary. Its underground ecosystem is home to a unique array of creatures adapted to life in the dark, including bats and insects. Conservation efforts ensure that the delicate balance of this subterranean world remains undisturbed.
To fully appreciate the beauty and significance of Alistrati Cave, guided tours are available. Knowledgeable guides lead you through the cave’s passages, sharing insights into its geological history, environmental importance, and the stories woven into its ancient stones. Such tours take between one and two hours.
43. The Castle of Chlemoutsi
Emblematic of the Frankish Principality of Achaea, this impressive medieval castle in the Peloponnese dates to the 13th century.
44. Castle of Platamon
Ruins of this castle dating from 1204 sit strategically above the sea. It withstood attacks by pirates and Turks for centuries.
45. Monemvasia Castle
Connected to mainland Greece by a narrow causeway, this perfectly preserved Byzantine seaside town sprawls over a large rock outcrop. Wander the maze of stone alleyways and tunnels between clifftop churches and grand stone mansions.
At the heart of Monemvasia lies its most iconic feature, the imposing citadel. This fortress, perched dramatically on a rocky hill at the highest point of the island, is the focal point of the town’s historical significance. The citadel, with its formidable stone walls and well-preserved medieval structures, served as a stronghold for various civilizations throughout its history, including the Byzantines and Venetians.
46. The Bridge at Arta
With origins dating back to 14th century BC, this historic stone bridge over the Arachthos River is steeped in local lore.
47. Mount Parnitha National Park
Just north of Athens, Parnitha National Park offers hiking trails past gorges, caves, hot springs and abundant wildlife.
48. Lake Kerkini
This serene manmade reservoir is considered one of Greece’s most important wetlands, attracting myriad migratory birds.
49. The Hills of Mani
Dotted with towers, the mythical rocky landscape of the Mani peninsula encapsulates the spirit of Deep Mani’s rebellious inhabitants.
50. Neda Waterfalls
Plunging 125 feet into an idyllic pool, the Neda Waterfalls tucked in the lush northern Peloponnese are utterly spellbinding.
Famous Landmarks on Greek Islands
51. Dragon Houses, Evia
The small villages of Evia, in Central Greece, are home to unique dragon-shaped houses also known as Drakóspita. These 25 limestone buildings on top of the mountain peaks are a true enigma, as nobody can figure out how they had been built and for what purpose. Click here to read more about the dragonhouses of Evia.
52. Acropolis of Lindos, Rhodes
This ancient acropolis features beautifully carved Hellenistic staircases leading up past a Byzantine church to the medieval Castle of the Knights of St. John. Enjoy breathtaking views from its clifftop perch.
53. Palace of the Grand Master, Rhodes
This crenelated medieval palace was built by the Knights Hospitaller in the 14th century and used as the fortified home for the Grand Master rulers of Rhodes. It now houses a museum exhibiting artifacts from the ancient city.
Check out some of my best photos from the Palace of the Grand Master in Rhodes.
54. Street of the Knights, Rhodes
The Street of the Knights, also known as Ippoton Street or Avenue of the Knights, is a meticulously preserved relic from the 14th century. It owes its name to the Order of the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, who ruled the island of Rhodes from 1309 to 1522. These valiant knights, representing various European nations, transformed this street into a vibrant hub of medieval culture.
55. The Medieval City of Rhodes
Rhodes, known as the Island of the Knights, boasts a rich history dating back millennia. The crowning jewel of this history is its Medieval City, which was established by the Knights of Saint John after they took possession of the island in the early 14th century. This city served as the seat of their power, a formidable fortress against invaders, and a thriving center of trade and culture.
56. The Asklepion, Kos
Considered the birthplace of Hippocrates, this sacred healing temple was dedicated to the god Asklepios. People would come for cleansing rites and dream therapy within its grounds containing temples, thermal baths, theaters and gorgeous mosaic floors.
57. Pythagoreion Archaeological Site, Samos
Once a thriving and fortified ancient port city on Samos, Pythagoreion has remains of temples, Roman baths, early Christian basilicas, and remnants of the harbor spread around the village.
58. Temple of Apollo, Naxos
Perched on a rocky islet just off Naxos, the iconic Temple of Apollo, also known as Portara, dates back to the 6th century BC. Though mostly collapsed today, its imposing white marble gate still stands guard as a breathtaking centerpiece.
59. Little Venice, Mykonos
Known for its picturesque winding alleys perched above the sea, Little Venice is Mykonos’ charming former fishing village. Its iconic 16th century whitewashed, sea-front houses overlook a bay dotted with colorful fishing boats.
60. Armenia Village, Corfu
On a hillside overlooking the sea sits a small community brought by Armenian refugees in the 1920s. Awarded protected status in 1995, the village preserves Armenian culture including a monastery, museum and library.
61. Monastery of St. John, Patmos
Built in 1088 AD by the monk Christodoulos, this tranquil monastery complex houses religious treasures. Marvel at Byzantine frescoes, the Bishop’s throne, sacred relics, and Patmos’ famed museum library.
62. Panagia Ekatontapiliani, Paros
Dating back to 326 AD, Panagia Ekatontapiliani is considered the most significant and oldest Byzantine church in the Cyclades. Meaning “church of 100 doors,” this complex actually has 98 doors symbolizing entryways to heaven.
63. Archaeological Site of Kamiros, Rhodes
One of three important ancient cities on Rhodes, Kamiros was laid out on a grid plan by the sea. Explore excavated ruins like the Temple of Athena, long stoa, public baths, houses and streets.
64. Monastery of Nea Moni, Chios
Built in the 11th century, the UNESCO-listed Nea Moni Monastery is renowned for its mosaics including a famous depiction of Christ Pantokrator in the dome. The katholikon church also contains the tomb of the monastery’s founder.
65. The Old Port of Corfu
Stroll the winding medieval lanes of Corfu’s atmospheric Old Port lined with Venetian-era warehouses and neoclassical mansions.
66. Cave of Zeus (Dikteon Cave), Crete
The Cave of Zeus, known locally as “Dikteon Cave” or “Psychro Cave,” is is a geological wonder. It boasts impressive stalactites and stalagmites, formed over thousands of years by the slow drip of mineral-rich water.
According to legends, it was within these hallowed chambers that the god Zeus, ruler of Mount Olympus and the heavens, was born and raised. The cave’s significance as a place of divine birth adds an air of mystique and reverence to your visit.
67. Fira, Santorini
Dramatically clinging to steep volcanic cliffs overlooking the submerged caldera basin, the whitewashed town of Fira provides jaw-dropping views. Meander its cobblestone lanes lined with cliffside cafes, churches, shops and hotels.
68. Red Beach, Santorini
Located at the base of giant red lava cliffs in the south of Santorini, Red Beach earns its name from the vibrant rust-colored rocks. Swim in the blue waters or hike over the mountain to reach this iconic natural wonder.
As of 2023, you can only visit the Red beach by water. Land access has been restricted, due to the falling rocks hazard.
69. Fira to Oia Walking Path, Santorini
The Fira to Oia hike is a renowned scenic trail on the wonderful Greek island of Santorini. This picturesque route spans approximately 10 kilometers and offers hikers breathtaking views of the Aegean Sea, the island’s iconic white-washed buildings with blue domes, and the dramatic cliffs of the Caldera, that Santorini is famous for.
Here’s my in-depth article about the Fira to Oia path.
70. Balos Beach, Crete
Famous for its shallow, turquoise lagoon divided by a narrow strip of fine white sand, Balos Beach on Crete’s northwestern coast is only accessible by boat or a scenic drive followed by a 20-minute walk down a winding path.
71. Palace of Knossos, Crete
The magnificent Palace of Knossos was the crown jewel and main administrative center of the advanced Minoan civilization which flourished on Crete from 2700 to 1450 BC. Explore the sprawling complex and see frescoes of bull-leaping.
72. Kournas Lake, Crete
The only freshwater lake in Crete, Kournas Lake is one of the must-see landmarks in Greece.
The lake is also popular for paddle boating, offering a unique perspective of its crystal-clear waters and the surrounding hills. Nearby tavernas provide an opportunity to savor Cretan cuisine while taking in the beautiful views. Kournas Lake is a tranquil escape and a hidden treasure for nature enthusiasts visiting Crete.
Here’s how to visit Kournas Lake. I’ve visited it twice and I’ve taken lots of photos in two different months, June and September.
73. Seitan Limania, Crete
The name “Seitan Limania” translates to “Satan’s Harbors” due to the challenging descent to the beach, involving a steep and rocky path. However, the stunning views and the secluded, unspoiled nature of this place make it a popular destination for adventurers and nature lovers.
Here’s my take after visiting Seitan Limania and swimming in its crystal-clear waters.
74. Lato, Crete
Northeast of Heraklion, ancient Lato was a city heavily influenced by Doric culture. Excavations have uncovered sanctuaries, houses, an agora marketplace, and acropolis remnants spread over two hills with sweeping coastal views.
75. Samaria Gorge, Crete
Carved over millions of years by the river running between soaring cliffs, Samaria Gorge is among the longest gorges in Europe at 11 miles. The protected national park offers stunning sheer rock walls blanketed with pine trees and wildflowers.
Hiking the full gorge trail takes 4-6 hours but provides phenomenal scenery. Descend through the Iron Gates into nullahs before arriving at the Libyan Sea. Samaria Gorge showcases Crete’s enchanting natural beauty.
76. Palace of Phaistos, Crete
Built around 1700 BC, this Minoan palace was second in importance only to Knossos. Highlights include the central courtyard, grand staircases, royal apartments, workshops for metals and pottery, storerooms and clay pipes providing running water.
77. Ancient Aptera, Crete
Strategically located for maritime trade, Aptera was one of the most important cities in ancient Crete. The remarkably well-preserved ruins contain fortifications, cisterns, temples, a theatre, houses and stunning panoramic views.
78. Arkadi Monastery, Crete
This 16th century Orthodox monastery is both an active religious site and powerful symbol of freedom, remembered for the bloody 1866 Arkadi Uprising against the Ottoman occupiers.
79. Rethymno Fortezza, Crete
This 16th century star-shaped fortress presides over Rethymno’s charming Venetian harbor on Crete.
80. Koules Fortress, Heraklion, Crete
Jutting into Heraklion’s harbor, this squat 16th century fortress once kept watch for pirates and invaders.
If you travel by ferry from Athens to Heraklion, this fortress is the first thing you’ll see as you approach the shores.
69. Melissani Cave, Kefalonia
With an emerald green underground lake surrounded by tall stalactites and stalagmites, this picturesque cave on Kefalonia island is partially collapsed revealing dazzling beams of sunlight. The lake waters are stunningly clear.
81. Mycenaean Tholos Tombs, Lefkada
These domed chamber tombs characteristic of the Mycenaean period featured corbel arch-style vaulted roofs covering burial pits, with narrow passages leading inside. Excellent examples have been excavated around Nydri in southern Lefkada.
82. Temple of Aphaea, Aegina
Situated on a pine-covered hill offering panoramic views, this well-preserved 5th century BC temple was dedicated to the ancient Greek goddess Aphaea. Surrounded by columns, it stands as one of Greece’s most important surviving temples.
83. Moni Island
Less than one hour away from Athens, the island of Aegina welcomes its visitors with a laid back atmosphere, good food, wonderful sunsets, pistachio orchards, monasteries and ancient temples. A short water taxi ride away, there’s Moni, an islet with no permanent inhabitants other than a bunch of wild peacocks and deer.
Read my article about the wonderful Moni island.
84. Symi Island
Symi island is renowned for its charming neoclassical architecture, vibrant pastel-colored houses, and a stunning natural harbor surrounded by steep hillsides. Symi has a rich maritime history and was once a major shipbuilding and sponge-diving center in the Mediterranean.
Symi also boasts historical sites, including the Panormitis Monastery, dedicated to the island’s patron saint. The monastery is a significant pilgrimage site and a marvel of Byzantine architecture.
Read my article about getting from Rhodes Town to Symi island.
85. The Island Sanctuary of Delos
According to legend, the sacred island of Delos is where Apollo was born. By the 5th century BC, Delos transformed into a thriving sacred sanctuary. Walk among the ruins of impressive temples, marketplaces, and theaters spread across the island.
Standing above it all is Mount Kynthos towering over the middle of Delos. Climb to the summit for panoramic views across the island and surrounding Cycladic islands. Delos offers a window into this ancient holy site where pilgrims converged for nearly a millennium.
86. The Windmills of Mykonos
A row of iconic white windmills on a hill, offering panoramic views of Mykonos town and the Aegean Sea.
87. Zakynthos Shipwreck Beach
Navagio Beach, known as Shipwreck Beach, is famous for its crystal-clear waters and the rusted wreck of a smuggler’s ship on its shore.
88. Milos Catacombs
An underground Christian burial site, one of the most significant of its kind in the world, with intricate frescoes and tunnels.
89. Kastelorizo Blue Grotto
A stunning sea cave known for its iridescent blue waters, accessible by boat tours.
Kastellorizo is a tiny island located right near the Turkish shores, in the Dodecanese archipelago.
90. Spinalonga Island, Crete
Spinalonga is a former Venetian fortress turned leper colony, providing a haunting glimpse into the island’s history. You can visit it on a boat tour from Agios Nikolaos in Crete.
91. Chrissi Island
Crissi Island is famous for its cedar forest that covers an area of 350,000 square meters, for its golden sand beaches and for the spectacular colors of its rocks. You can visit it on a boat trip from Ierapetra, in Crete.
92. Kataphygi Cave, Antiparos
Beyond its geological splendors, Kataphygi Cave has a history as rich as the formations within. It was once used as a refuge by the island’s inhabitants during times of conflict and has been a source of curiosity for centuries. The cave’s significance extends beyond its geological marvels, adding depth to your exploration.
93. Selinia Town & the Ancient Port of Salamis, Salamina Island
Salamina Island is a hidden gem conveniently located just a short ferry ride from Athens. Whether you’re seeking a day trip filled with history and relaxation or a longer sojourn to immerse yourself in the island’s charms, Selinia Town and the Ancient Port of Salamis offer a captivating blend of past and present, ensuring an unforgettable Greek island experience.
94. Canal D’Amour, Sidari, Corfu
The name “Canal D’Amour” translates to “Channel of Love,” and it’s no wonder why. According to local folklore, couples who swim through the narrow canal formed by the cliffs will be blessed with eternal love and happiness. The site has thus become a pilgrimage for lovers seeking to cement their bonds amid the beauty of nature.
You can rent a kayak and paddle around the canal to see it from all sides.
95. Corfu Old Fort
The Corfu Old Fort, also known as the Old Fortress or Palaio Frourio, is a prime example of Renaissance military architecture. Built by the Venetians in the 15th century, it served as a guardian of the island, protecting it from invaders and naval attacks. The fort’s strategic location on a rocky promontory allowed it to control both the harbor and the town, making it a formidable stronghold.
96. Ancient Thera, Santorini
Ancient Thera, also known as Thira, was founded by the Dorians in the 9th century BC and thrived through various civilizations, including the Romans and the Byzantines. Today, it stands as an open-air museum, where the remnants of this ancient city come to life under the Mediterranean sun.
97. Akrotiri, Santorini
Akrotiri’s story is akin to that of Pompeii, as it was buried by a catastrophic volcanic eruption around 1613-1600 BC. The thick layers of volcanic ash and pumice preserved the city remarkably well, offering a unique window into the life and culture of the ancient Minoans, who inhabited the island more than 3,600 years ago.
98. The Old Venetian Harbor & the Lighthouse of Chania
Chania’s Old Venetian Harbor, originally built by the Venetians in the 14th century, exudes an air of timeless elegance. As you stroll along its cobblestone streets, you’ll be enchanted by the graceful arches, Venetian mansions, and the iconic Firkas Fortress that guards the harbor entrance. The remnants of a Venetian shipyard hint at the harbor’s rich maritime history.
99. Katholiko Monastery, Akrotiri Peninsula, Crete
Katholiko Monastery, also known as Agios Ioannis Eremitis Monastery, is renowned for its sense of seclusion and tranquility. Founded in the 11th century, it served as a refuge for hermit monks seeking solitude and spiritual contemplation. Today, it continues to exude an aura of peace, making it a haven for those in search of solace.
A unique feature of Katholiko Monastery is the natural spring that flows nearby.
100. Venizelos Graves, Chania, Crete
The Venizelos Graves serve as a poignant tribute to Eleftherios Venizelos, one of Greece’s most revered statesmen. This serene hillside burial site not only honors the legacy of a visionary leader but also offers visitors breathtaking panoramic views that capture the essence of Crete’s beauty and history.